RULES & VIOLATIONS
ON JANUARY 1, 2015, the WADA International Standards for Testing and Investigations (formerly the International Standards for Testing) became effective.
This set of specifications requires BADC and other Anti-Doping Organizations (ADOs) around the world to incorporate processes that ensure their ability to gather intelligence from analytical and non-analytical information. This knowledge allows ADOs to rule out the possibility of Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs) or to initiate in those proceedings if a violation is thought to have been committed.
While investigations have been a part of ADO procedures long before 2015, these new standards for collaboration between ADOs and law enforcement place an even greater emphasis on intelligence gathering from all available resources.
Many of BADC’s investigations stem from tips left on the Tip Line (see Resource section). BAF developed this resource for athletes and the public to report potential ADRVs anonymously. WADA standards require these tips to be handled in a secure manner as to ensure their reliability, relevance, and accuracy for use in effective testing.
Anti-Doping Rule Violations (ADRVs)
Doping, as defined by the Code, is the occurrence of one or more of the following anti-doping rule violations (ADRV):
• Presence of a prohibited substance or its metabolites or markers in an athlete’s sample.
• Use or attempted use by an athlete of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method.
• Evading, refusing, or failing to submit to sample collection.
• Violation of applicable requirements regarding athlete availability for out-of competition testing, including failure to file required whereabouts information and missed tests.
• Any combination of three missed tests and/or filing failures, as defined in the International Standard for Testing and Investigations, within a twelve-month period by an athlete in a Registered Testing Pool.
• Tampering or attempted tampering with any part of doping control.
• Possession of a prohibited substance or a prohibited method.
• Trafficking or attempted trafficking of any prohibited substance or
• Administration or attempted administration to any athlete in-competition of any prohibited substance or prohibited method, or administration or attempted administration to any athlete out-of-competition of any prohibited substance or any prohibited method that is prohibited out-of competition.
• Complicity: Assisting, encouraging, aiding, abetting, conspiring, covering up, or any other type of intentional complicity involving an anti-doping rule violation, or attempted anti-doping rule violation.
• Association by an athlete or other person subject to the authority of an Anti-Doping Organization in a professional or sport-related capacity with any athlete support person who:
– is serving a period of ineligibility related to one of the above ADRVs; or
– has been convicted outside of sport to have engaged in conduct that would be considered an ADRV.