HEALTH & SAFETY
What are some potential side effects of anabolic steroid abuse?
Physiological and psychological side effects of anabolic steroid abuse have the potential to impact any user, while other side effects are gender specific. The list below is not comprehensive.
SIDE EFFECTS OF ANABOLIC STEROID ABUSE:
• Male pattern baldness
• Liver damage*
• Premature closure of the growth centers of long bones (in adolescents) which may result in stunted growth*
• Increased aggressiveness and sexual appetite, sometimes resulting in abnormal sexual and criminal behavior,
often referred to as “Roid Rage”
• Withdrawal from anabolic steroid use can be associated with depression and suicide
Peptide Hormones, Growth Factors, Related Substances and Mimetics
The primary medical uses of these compounds vary, but include treatment for chronic kidney disease, acute anemia, short stature, and aiding those born prematurely. Some examples within this category include erythropoiesisstimulating agents (ESAs), like erythropoietin (EPO), human growth hormone (hGH), and human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG), as well as hypoxiainducible factor stabilizers or activators like cobalt or xenon gas.
What are some potential side effects and health risks of this category?
• Hypertension (ESAs/hGH)
• Blood cancers/leukemia (ESAs/hGH)
• Anemia (ESAs)
• Strokes (ESAs)
• Heart attacks
• Pulmonary embolism (ESAs)
• Feminization (hCG)
• Thyroid problems (hGH)
The primary medical use of these compounds is to treat conditions such as asthma and other respiratory ailments. Some studies have shown specific beta-2 agonists have performance-enhancing effects when consistently high levels are present in the blood. Only three inhaled beta-agonists are okay for use in therapeutic doses.
What are some potential side effects of beta-2 agonists?
• Muscle cramps
• Rapid heart rate
Are there limitations placed on the use of asthma medications?
These agents, when inhaled, are the first line for rescue therapy, especially with asthma. They are also powerful stimulants. Some of these agents also possess anabolic properties, especially when taken orally or by injection. Due to their stimulatory and potential anabolic effects, limitations have been placed on their use.
NOTE: See Therapeutic Use Exemption policies pertaining to the use of prohibited medications at
• Breast tissue development*
• Shrinking of the testicles*
• Reduction in sperm production
• Deepening of the voice*
• Cessation of breast development
• Growth of hair on the face,
stomach, and upper back*
• Enlarged clitoris*
• Abnormal menstrual cycles
NOTE: *Effects may be permanent and can vary by individual.